Developer Guide

This is a guide for developers, which would like to work on Drogue Cloud.


In any case, you will need:

  • Linux, Mac OS X, or Windows on an AMD64 platform (aka x86_64)

    • Mac OS X in ARM64 (M1, …) seems to be tricky, but should work.

  • Podman or Docker

    • Windows containers will not work, you need to use Linux based containers, and again x86_64.

  • Some tools

    • git

    • GNU Make

    • npm

    • kubectl

    • HTTPie 2.2+

  • A lot of cores, patience, memory, and disk space.

Optional requirements

  • Rust+ – By default the build will run inside a container image, with Rust included. So you don’t necessarily need to install Rust on your local machine. However, having Rust installed might come in handy at some point. If you want to use an IDE, that might require a Rust installation. Or if you want to quickly run tests, maybe from inside your IDE, then this will require Rust as well. + In any case, you need to be sure that you install at least the version of Rust mentioned above. If you installed Rust using rustup and default options, then performing an upgrade should be as easy as running rustup update.

  • Kubernetes - Some form of Kubernetes cluster

    • Minikube is what seems to work best for development, and is easy to get started with.

    • Kind also works, uses less resources, but is less tested.

    • OpenShift also works and make several things easier (like proper DNS names and certs), but is also more complex to set up.

  • An IDE – Whatever works best for you. Eclipse, Emacs, IntelliJ, Vim, … [1] should all be usable with this project. We do not require any specific IDE. We also do not commit any IDE specific files either.

Operating system

There are different ways to install the required dependencies on the different operating systems. Some operating systems also might require some additional settings. This section should help to get you started.


Use an "update to date" version of Fedora. Install the following dependencies:

sudo dnf install curl openssl-devel npm gcc gcc-c++ make cyrus-sasl-devel cmake libpq-devel postgresql podman


Assuming you have Windows 10 and admin access.


Needs more testing

Mac OS

Most of the required tools you can install using [brew]( package manager, e.g.

brew install git make

Using OpenSSL and Cyrus SASL libraries native is still work in progress, so you should use container build for the time being as described below.


While the build is based on cargo, the build is still driven by the main Makefile, located in the root of the repository. By default, the cargo build running inside a build container. This reduces the number of pre-requisites you need to install, and makes it easier on platforms like Windows or Mac OS X.

To perform a full build execute:

make build

This builds the cargo based projects, the frontend, and the container images.

Builds are done using Docker or Podman container runtimes. Podman is preferred if it is present on the system. However, it is required that Podman supports bind mounts feature properly which is not the case for all platforms today. In that case you can force Docker runtime with

CONTAINER=docker make build


To run all tests:

make test
When using podman, you currently cannot use make test. You need to revert to make container-test, see below.
This runs only the unit tests and integration tests. There is also a system test-suite at which tests a running deployment.

Running test on the host

If you have a full build environment on your machine, you can also execute the tests on the host machine, rather than forking them off in the build container:

make container-test

IDE based testing

You can also run cargo tests directly from your IDE. How this works, depends on your IDE.

However, as tests are compiled and executed on the host machine, the same requirements, as when running tests on the host machine, apply (see above).

Publishing images

The locally built images can be published with the Makefile as well. For this you need a location to push to. You can, for example use []( Assuming your username on is "rodney", and you did log in using docker login, then you could do:

make push


Kubernetes instance

Before you can run the deployment, you will need to have access to a Kubernetes cluster. You can run local cluster using minikube. Make sure that your minikube cluster is started with ingress addon and that you run tunnel in a separate shell

minikube start --cpus 4 --memory 16384 --disk-size 20gb --addons ingress
# in a separate terminal, as it keeps running
minikube tunnel

Run the deployment

Once the instance is up, and you have ensured that you can access the cluster with kubectl, you can run the following command to run the deployment:

make deploy

If you need to pass additional arguments to the deploy script, you can use DEPLOY_ARGS environment variable like:

env INSTALL_STRIMZI=false DEPLOY_ARGS="-f deploy/examples/managed_kafka.yaml" make deploy

Helm charts

Helm charts are maintained in the separate repository:

They are however included as a git submodule at the deploy/helm path. A deploy target will initialize the submodule. If you wish to do it manually run:

git submodule update --init

Also, to pull changes into the existing workspace run:

git submodule foreach git pull origin main

How to …

… work on the frontend

You will need to have trunk, npm and sass installed, as it will drive parts of the build.

trunk can be installed using cargo:

cargo install trunk

Installing sass can be done using the following command:

npm install -g sass@1.52.3

Backend detection

The frontend needs a way to detect which backend to use. This is done by loading an initial backend.json from the location of the frontend.

For a local development, this file can be provided at console-frontend/dev/endpoints/backend.json or be overridden by console-frontend/dev/endpoints/backend.local.json. But default files with .local. in that directory will not be committed to git. The default backend.json is pre-configured to use the "local server" mode, described in the next section.

Running with a local server

The simplest way to run the console-backend is to use [drogue-cloud-server](

cd server
cargo run -- --enable-all

Once you have it running (bound to localhost which is the default), you can start the console-frontend in the development mode:

cd console-frontend
trunk serve

Running with a cloud backend

You can also run the frontend with a backend in the cloud (or local cluster, e.g. minikube). To do so, you can create a console-frontend/dev/endpoints/backend.local.json file and populate it with the API and SSO urls of your drogue instance.

For example (devbox):

  "url": "",
  "openid": {
    "client_id": "drogue",
    "issuer_url": ""
This model doesn’t work if your frontend will use newer backend APIs, which are not yet deployed in the cloud.

1. This list is sorted in alphabetical order, not in the order of any preference.